Filmmaking a film is more than taking a simple picture with a digital camera. A film is actually a series of moving pictures shown on a screen, generally using sound, which create a tale. You may secretly prefer animated movies while secretly loving classical movies. The picture itself is essentially a film, which you could also apply the term to the thin sheet of plastic which runs across the screen and captures every scene and moment. However, if you prefer to refer to a film when it is completed, that is referring to the process in which it is made.
When you begin filming, there are many options available to you which you can use to make the picture take shape and develop into a successful film. However, the most common choice is to simply use a point-and-shoot camera, which simply allows you to take a shot without focusing on anything in particular. If you are familiar with film techniques, this is incredibly easy work. However, if you’re a novice, it can be daunting.
To begin filming, you should choose a medium shot. These types of shots require less focus and can be quite spontaneous. To take a medium shot, simply place the camera directly above or slightly in front of the subject, making sure that there is not too much background clutter in the way. If you need to, you can move the camera a bit to get a better angle. Once you have your subject in the middle of the frame, press the shutter button and begin taking a snapshot. Because you are at a medium distance, you are free to take as many photographs as you want without worrying about losing any focus.
If you need to move the camera further away, you can do so with the push of a button. However, if you are moving away from the center of the frame, you should never press the shutter button while you are still taking a photograph, since this will cause your shot to appear continuous. Instead, you should always press the shutter button halfway through your photo shoot, so that your image is still in focus, but so that you have a clear shot of your subject in the background. If you are unable to make the shot of your subject look continuous, try adjusting the f-stop (the distance between the center of the subject and the edge of the frame) until you obtain a close-up of your subject. Then, you can create a full frame by pressing the shutter button halfway through the photo shoot.
The third option, a choker shot, requires that you become very close to your subject, but you must also allow for some room behind them. By positioning yourself such that you are facing directly into the subject, you will create an extreme close-up. This is the type of shot that is difficult to create in studio settings because it requires a great deal of concentration, yet a degree of movement. In the instance of a choker shot, if you are attempting to create this type of shot without any clear lighting, you will require a spot light or a reflective surface at the front of the lens, since the bright light in the background will wash out your entire subject.
Creating an extreme close-up shot requires the artist to combine several different elements – depth of field, foreshortening, and extreme close-up. Creating a full frame requires the photographer to position themselves so that the camera is not actually placed directly in front of the subject, but rather behind them, creating an extreme close-up. The center of the frame should be slightly behind the subject, in order to create a foreshortened scene. Finally, lighting should always be an important element to the photographer’s composition techniques.